Acercamiento a una clasificación de la oración simple según el «dictum»

José Manuel González Calvo


The definition of the simple-sentence syntax fails from the momento one tries to classify such a unit. The existing classifications of the simple-sentence syntax based on the simple sentence from the point of view of the grammatical and semantic nature of subject and predicate are doubtless useful, but not utterly satisfying. It does not seem reasonable to consider that the first great classification should be «attributive structures vs. predicative structures». In this paper, some of the well-known classifications are discussed to include another, although provisional. For this purpose semantic and morpho-syntactical criteria are chosen to support the proposal. The starting point in the difference existing between transitive and intransitive sentences to define the classification, and the an series of subclassification are offered. There is also a brief discussion about passive and supplement structures to find out the place they fill in the planned subclassifications.

Palabras clave

Oración simple; Verbo; Suplemento; Estructura sintáctica; Lengua española

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