El tiempo objetivo y el sistema de mundos posibles en el texto narrativo

Alfonso Martín Jiménez


The Theory of the Possible Worlds makes feasible an efficient survey of the objective time in narration. In all narrative text there exists a hierarchy of the character's worlds in accordance with the objective time. This hierarchy, wich is evident in every level of the text, permits an exclusive selection of the characters' time whom the author is interested in emphasizing. The plurality of temporal lines infable resolves itself into the sujet's typical unique temporal line, by means of the activation of a Double Temporal Transformer Mechanism which operates in two consecutive phases: as a result of the first phase, a new temporal arrangement of the elements takes place in each character's world, ocurring as many temporal lines as character's worlds the text contains; as a result of the second one, there arises a combination of the elements of all character's worlds in a sole temporal line, by respecting in each world the arrangement of the elements resultant from the former phase.

Palabras clave

Texto narrativo; Representación del tiempo; Tiempo narrativo; Macroestructura narrativa; Jerarquización; Fábula; Mundos posibles; Modelos teóricos

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/ELUA1988-1989.5.04

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