Sobre repetición léxica y sintaxis prepositiva

Joaquín García-Medall Villanueva


This study intends to describe the functions of the Spanish structures whose nouns appear repeated and integrated by means of some connecting preposition, for example de casa en casa (Pr+N+Pr+N), entre cigarro y cigarro (Pr+N+cop.+N) or codo con codo (N+Pr+N). Far for confirming fixed schemes, we propose to defend here that there exist very concrete choices of nouns sensitive to this syntactic configuration. They include numerals and continuous nouns referring to parts of the human body, parts of a whole, and place references. Despite the repetition of signs the referential distinction is maintained. In accord with the changes of the next the focus is the number limited to 2, or else an unlimited or presupposed number. But in whatever way indetermined, the said prepositive structures are opposed functionally and semantically to other repetitive structures that are not prepositive. These latter will not be treated in this analysis but nevertheless need a syntax of paratactic coordination and of juxtaposition.

Palabras clave

Repetición léxica; Sintagmas prepositivos; Lenguaje coloquial; Locución preposicional; Modismos; Sustantivo; Lengua española

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