This paper shows an expositive and critical path of prototypes' theory and its relevance to semantic analysis. From a grammar's methodological view, prototypes are understood simply as effects, that is giving account the differences between different members of a same category —not the differences in functional concept which gives account of category and its categorical being—. So, the prototype effect's idea can be valid to explain basic ideas as meaning (understood as constructive schema, being senses sanctionables totally or partly from meaning) or the relation between differents associated meanings to the same expression which is organised as familiar resemblances.
Teoría de prototipos; Semántica; Categorización; Lingüística cognitiva; Análisis semántico
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