This work revises some properties of gender and noun classes, within the broader phenomena of noun classification. The main points of the paper are: 1) the distinction of grammatical noun classification from lexical classification of referents; 2) the typology of noun classification (classifiers, noun classes and gender) in relation lo a continuum of grammaticalization; 3) the revision of the possibilities of agreement as the main formal outcome of gender and noun classes; and 4) the discourse properties of gender agreement, which leads us to conclude that some gender-like properties of pronouns differ from gender agreement: some pronoun systems are sensitive only to referent properties, while gender systems always refer to grammatical properties of nouns.
Clasificación nominal; Pronombre; Nombre; Morfemas clasificadores; Gramaticalización; Concordancia gramatical; Género gramatical
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